‘Democracy in transition: A micro perspective on system change in post-Soviet societies’ (Neundorf, A). Journal of Politics, 2010, 72(4): 1096-1108.
‘The role of the state in the repression and revival of religiosity in Central Eastern Europe’ (Mueller, T. and A. Neundorf). Social Forces, 2012, 91(2): 559-582.
‘Growing up on different sides of the Wall – A quasi-experimental test: Applying the left-right dimension to the German mass public’ (Neundorf, A.) German Politics, 2009, 18(2): 201- 225.
‘The Legacy of Authoritarian Regimes on Democratic Citizenship: A global analysis of authoritarian indoctrination and repression’ (Neundorf, A., Ezrow, N., Gerschewski, J., Olar, R.G. and R. Shorrocks). Presented at MPSA 2017, ECPR Joint Sessions 2017, EPSA 2017.
This research addresses important and unresolved questions of democratization, by using a new methodological approach of cohort analysis to examine the lasting legacy of authoritarian dictatorships. We are conducting a comprehensive analysis of post-authoritarian countries from different parts of the world during the entire 20th century that experienced different types and durations of suppression. We show that the extent to which an authoritarian regime indoctrinates its people and represses dissent has a lasting impact on their citizens that goes beyond their existence. To test a newly developed theory of authoritarian socialization, existing survey data from numerous post-authoritarian countries is harmonized and combined with the data of Varieties of Democracy. The data is analyzed using hierarchical age, period, cohort analysis to estimate the generational differences in democratic support. The results show that there are distinct cohort differences in satisfaction with democracy that are due to the past experience of growing-up under non-democratic system. This research has important implication for understanding democratization from a micro perspective, as the legacy of authoritarian regime can undermine the development of a democratic political culture.
‘Inclusionary and Exclusionary Autocracies. How dictators win the hearts and minds of citizens?’ (Neundorf, A., Gerschewski, J. and Olar, R.G.). Presented at MPSA 2017.
In the recent renaissance of comparative authoritarianism scholars have emphasized the role of formal institutions. Against this backdrop, we argue that two points deserve more attention. Firstly, we argue that the policy dimension of authoritarian regimes should deserve more attention. It is not only about how autocracies are structured, but it is also about what they actually do. Secondly, we argue that the focus on elites needs to be complemented with a micro- foundational perspective. We need to have a closer look at the ordinary citizens that live under authoritarianism. Against this backdrop, we propose a distinction between inclusionary and exclusionary authoritarian regimes. While the former broadens its social base, the latter narrows it to loyal followers. While the former tries to absorb potential discontent among the people, the latter concentrates on a small circle of followers. We show empirically that the distinction between inclusionary and exclusionary regimes cross-cuts former typologies of authoritarian rule. Furthermore, we demonstrate empirically that these types of authoritarian rule leave a distinct legacy upon the people that they rule. In order to show this, we use the innovative methodological technique of cohort analysis and indirectly measure the effects of inclusion and exclusion under authoritarianism by using survey data that is compiled once the regime has democratized.
‘The Legacy of Gender-Unequal Regimes on Support for Women Politicians’ (Neundorf, A. and R. Shorrocks). Presented at European Conference on Politics and Gender 2017, EPOP 2017.
Growing support for women politicians is usually attributed to younger cohorts being more gender-egalitarian than older cohorts as part of a process of modernisation. However, the impact of political institutions on attitudes is not well understood. In this paper, we study the effect of gender equality in political institutions on support for women politicians from a generational perspective, hypothesising that generations which experienced greater institutional gender equality during their formative years will be more supportive of women politicians. This allows us to identify the causal relationship between institutional characteristics and attitudes by modelling current attitudes based on past institutional arrangements. We find that institutional factors play an important role in shaping attitudes towards women politicians, beyond the effect of modernisation. Furthermore, we find that both modernisation and institutional factors only lead to cohort change in support for women politicians in democratic regimes, not autocracies, indicating the importance of women politicians holding real power and being perceived as legitimate. Since public support for women politicians also in turn leads to greater women’s representation in political institutions (Paxton & Kunovich, 2003a), the findings suggest that in democracies there is a positive feedback loop between gender-egalitarian institutional arrangements and public support for women politicians.